Advantages and Disadvantages of Action Research Design
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Advantages (University of Southern California)
  • A collaborative and adaptive research design that lends itself to use in work or community situations.
  • Design focuses on pragmatic and solution-driven research rather than testing theories.
  • When practitioners use action research it has the potential to increase the amount they learn consciously from their experience. The action research cycle can also be regarded as a learning cycle.
  • Action search studies often have direct and obvious relevance to practice.
  • There are no hidden controls or preemption of direction by the researcher.

Disadvantages (University of Southern California)

  • It is harder to do than conducting conventional studies because the researcher takes on responsibilities for encouraging change as well as for research.
  • Action research is much harder to write up because you probably can’t use a standard format to report your findings effectively.
  • Personal over-involvement of the researcher may bias research results.
  • The cyclic nature of action research to achieve its twin outcomes of action (e.g. change) and research (e.g. understanding) is time-consuming and complex to conduct.